Saturday, October 24, 2009

is it abnormal to pass stool everyday that comes out in hard pellets? What could this be caused by?

The condition i guess would be chronic as i have had it for over 6 months. I am 17 years of age.
eat more fiber
Lay off the rabbit food, lol. I would ask your doctor. I'm guessing its nothing to worry about.
Could be you have a goat for a dad
You are not drinking enough water and liquids. Drink more water and eat lots of fresh fruit you will become normal again.
not enough moisture(water) or fiber in your diet = constipation. you can take pills or change your diet you should see results immediately if you change your diet.
have you been eating a lot of frosted mini wheats?
Sounds like constipation. Eat lots of fiber. Examples of foods that include lots of fiber are prunes and broccoli. When eating fiber, be sure to drink a lot of water--at least one glass, if not more. You should drink several glasses of water every day.
Drink more water at least 8 glasses a day, don't call me in the morning though..
No I would think it's not normal. Drink more water and eat more fruits and veggies. If that does't work in a day or two call the doc.
no this is not normal!! i think that they call it Piles, and for starters you have a very poor diet when this happens. i would go to the doctor because this could lead to colon polyps and i am sure that he would recommend a high fiber diet with lots of water and exercise to get yourself back in balance.
You may have too much iron in your diet. Try looking at what you are eating, and take a stool softener
I don't know. Are you a rabbit? Have you ever been a rabbit? You should see a gastrologist.
drink more hydrating fluids for one thing. eat more FRESH vegetables and fruits. drink more nonconcentrated juices.that may help.. if i don't, see a doc.. see what they'll say about this i'm sure they'll put you on a diet if they're smart. dumb ones will just give you drugs and when they run out you're back to this problem if not morso.if you already have a good diet and you're drinking those fluids. are you taking medications for a problem? have you been stressed out? do you have gerd?so on.try those simple things and if it's not aleviated in 2 weeks.. see the doc. i'm sure it's a simple adjustment in diet or something easy to correct.remember there may be another issue to this.. blood chemistry or something in the intestines. just in case..
I don't know for sure. But, may be from not drinking enough liquids.
Insufficient fibre - eat prunes
if you follow the advise of others and eat more fiber without increasing your water intake, well that just wouldn't be good, try to get some exercise as it helps peristalsis

is it abnormal to have a wbc jump from 4.4 to 7.7 in 3 months?

I was worried i had hiv so i had a cbc done a second time.My first cbc had wbc of 4.4 but now its 7.7
first cbc had platelets at 266 and now they are at 203
first cbc had lymphocytes at 1.4 and now they are at 1.7so is this fine?should i worry at all?does this gurantee i dont have hiv?
it's perfectly normal you hypocondriac!
These are all very good questions to ask a doctor.
It seems obvious that you have engaged in some very wisky behaviors. Fluctuations are not always a negative sign, however, because of the nature of your question, you should get tested every six months for at least 4 - 6 years, and change your habits.
It is not abnormal for one's CBC to go up or down. You may have been exposed to an upper respiratory tract infection, which could make the wbc go up, or down. some medications can cause one's white count to go up or down. The only way to know if you have HIV would be go to your doctor sign a consent, and have a HIV test. Follow safe sex practices, if such exist.
Was the cbc a venous stick, or a finger stick? Sometimes when the wbc is checked by pricking your finger, the phebotomist may squeeze out more plasma, the fluid part of the blood, than the wbc's, rbc's and also the plat.'s. If you had 10 wbc done the same day by a finger stick, the plat. count would be different nearly every time. Not a big difference, but a difference. Again some viruses can cause plat. count to increase or decrease. I see no need to worry about such a small jump in the total wbc. If it jumped to 50,000 to 300,000, yes, a peripheral smear would be needed to diagnose leukemia, or other blood disorders. If you start having bruising, bleeding gums after brushing teeth, bone pain, these are all symptoms of leukemia, It seems as if you have none of the symptoms, and as long as you feel well, all is probably well.
But to answer your question, NO, no need to worry as several things can cause a jump. The WBC count changes every day as does the plat. count.
And even a neg. HIV test does not mean you do not have HIV.
It is not abnormal to have changes in your cbc. This could be because of many things such as infections, colds, etc. Now this doesn't mean that you don't have hiv. It is best to get retested at a later date, just as your Dr. advises.

Is it a spider bite??...?

It's was the size of a nickel until I curiously squeezed it,now it's the size of a half dollar.The pores on it are enlarged and it itches like crazy.It's VERY stiff on and around do I get rid of it?
Put alcohol on it.. don't scratch it anymore. If it keeps growing or you feel dizzy or have a hard time breathing go to the emergency room. If it changes colors or otherwise looks fishy but you feel ok go to a doctor. It might be a spider bite but you don't want to have a bad reaction to it.
Don't touch it so much.
Get a magnifying glass and look at the center of it. If it has TWO puncture wounds, it's a Spider Bite. Can't tell you what kind, however, sounds like you are having a reaction to it. Mark the outside of the area with an ink pen or permanent marker. Also mark the time you had the bite and and the time you marked it with a pen. Go see a doctor and give them the info. This will help them determine how badly this is affecting you and help to determine what they should do to treat it. Good Luck.
Get a antihistamine to relieve the itching. You can get them over the counter, and leave it alone. Find a magnifying glass to see if there are 2 very small punctures in the middle. If there are, it's most likely a spider bite, but it seems to me that it sounds more like a horsefly bite. They're usually stiff and large. Get the cream anyways to relieve the itching, or you'll get it infected.
just keep it cleaned with alcohol don't touch it so much, use cotton.I don't know what that could be but it sounds dangerous, lol.

is it a disorder?

always when i yawn thers a little pain in the bone attached to collar bone and shoulder?
basically if theres any pain that is consistent or last longer then most "pains" do, you should get it checked out, you might just a pinched nerve or knot in your neck muscles, but if it persists then get it checked out.
Perhaps your yawns are really large and you are pulling a muscle or straining a muscle and it just feels like it is in a bone.
Aw come on its just some muscle pain

Is it a bad sign if I get angina when I sneeze?

Sometimes when I sneeze hard I get pain in my chest that runs down my arms. Is that a sign of impending heart attack?
It's not. Or more accurately, I'm almost certain it's not. I myself get that when I sneeze hard, it's just body's reflex to the sneeze. I did have lab testes done, and I was 100% fine.
It's not normal to get chest pain while sneezing. I recommend go see a doctor.

is it 8 or 12 years you go to school to become a doctor?

4 years college
4 years med school
3-6 years residency dependeing on specialty
I think it is 8. 4 premed, and 2 medical school and 2 as an intern.
i think it is 4 years of college 4 years of med school and another 4 years as an intern and helping out at the hospital
I'm thinking it's 8 with another 4 as a resident in a hospital.
8 years.4 college yrs and 4 medical school.: )
After you graduate from high school you're looking at 12-years to your practice.
See Zak's answer above, but I'll expand on it:In order to go to medical school in the United States, you need a college degree. People typically take at least 4 years to complete this. I went much much longer.US "allopathic" medical schools are 4 years. There are also "osteopathic" medical schools, but if you go to one of these, you earn the degree D.O., instead of M.D. DO schools typically require that you do one more year of DO internship before you can get a medical license. DO's have to do this, and then if they want further training, they start at the intern level again. For this reason, DO training is effectively 5 years. DO schools may be easier to get into for those with less-than-perfect college records, but then afterward they are at a competitive disadvantage getting into post graduate residency training programs.Another way through med school is to leave the US. US citizens sometimes go to Mexico or into the Carribean and do med school there. Some of these programs are excellent, but after 4 years down there, they still have to do a "5th pathway" year in the US in order to be eligible for licenses. Again, this makes med school effectively 5 years. Again, these students are at a competitive disadvantage when seeking further training in the united states.Residency is post graduate medical education in areas of specialty, which then lead to the ability to be a board certified practitioner of the specialty in question. Residency is a stage in a doctor's training where they are earning money, working in the field of their interest, while continuing to get on-the-job training and supervision. Residency is in some ways still school and in other ways not. Like was said above, the minimum is about 3 years to learn how to do family medicine or internal medicine, and the maximum would be well over 8 years, with doing 5 years of surgical training and up to 3 years of subspecialty surgical training like heart surgery. Many of these doctors will also spend additional years performing research during their training, or will undergo even more years of specialized training in order to learn special techniques.Bottom line: A career in medicine is a lifelong committment to learning! .thats no joke.

Is Intro Bio enough for the MCAT?

At my university, introduction to biology is one semester long unlike intro bio taught at other universities. Actually, all bio courses are one semester long. I plan to take another biology course in my senior year to fulfill the requirements for med school. However, I know i need to take the MCAT in April or August of my junior year. Is intro bio enough for the MCAT? Or do I need to take two bio courses before taking that?
No, not enough bio. i would look into MCAT prep courses in your area. At least that would help to insure that you would be getting a better grade. Keep in mind, that if you get a 18 on your MCAT's the first time you take them, and then the next time, you get a 25, your score will be the average of your two scores and not your best score. So choose wisely of when you plan on taking your MCAT's and how you're going to study for them. I know that some MCAT prep courses run about $1000.00 or so, but if this is def. something that you want to do with your future, ask for family donations and save up, it'll be worth it in the end. Good luck and study hard!
Hey, I hope that all the topics covered on the MCAT is included in your one semester course. Otherwise I would really suggest that you take another semester of biology before you take the test. You will be required to have two semester of bio with lab anyway. To find out which biology topics are tested on the mcat check out this luck. And I don't see you ordering MCAT prep books, what are you waiting for?
I think 1 full year's course of Intro Bio is not exactly sufficient coz u need atleast 2 years of Bio for the MCAT exam.
It's like this, u need 2yrs Bio, 2yrs Che, 1yr phy, 1yr calculus.
unless u satisfy these requirements it is difficult for you to apply for colleges and your MCAT exam.
Anyways what r u doin now??
Everyone I know that has gone to med school took more than the minimum requirements of biology, chemistry, and math before taking the MCAT. Minimum requirements are just that. you will expand your chances of acceptance into a medical school if you go above the norm. They are looking for someone with initiative and determination. Grades and minimum classes are only a small part of the application process.
I am currently in the midst of studying for the August MCAT. which is what I should be doing right now instead of answering these questions, and I will log off now that your question has reminded me of that fact.But before I do, to answer your question, I took two semesters of biology, two of general chemistry, two of organic chemistry, two of general physics (I assume you have at least completed those classes besides biology). In addition to those basics I just listed I also took a Neuroscience course and a Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy course. These are unnecessary for the MCAT. I do think taking a molecular and cellular biology course, or a microbiology course would have been helpful. Also a genetics class might help as well. Biochemistry would have helped immensely as well and I've heard many first-year med students say they wish they had taken biochemistry. Many medical schools actually list that as a requirement or as a suggested requirement.You should take a second semester of biology. If you really don't want to take the second semester of intro to biology, I would recommend taking an upper-level biology course.Good luck!

Is insulin available in pill form?

Can the human organism utilize insulin in pill form?
No, Insulin production in pill form has not yet successfully manufactured. Scientists are still trying to find a way of its possibility, Insulin if taken orally. is reduced to its amino acid components and becomes like other proteins in the gastrointestinal tract , where it losts all its 'insulin activity' making it inefective .There is research underway to develop methods of protecting insulin so that it can be taken orally, but none has yet reached clinical use.
I've heard about a new alternative to insulin injections, but not too sure about this.It might end up getting denatured (insulin is a hormone and a protein) by the stomach acid, maybe?Not too sure though.
No, insulin is denatured by the stomach (inactivated).
No. You're stomach acids will destroy it. They are working on inhalable(sorry spellcheck couldn't help) insulin though.
No. Insulin is a protein and is destroyed by the digestive enzymess in the digestive tract. There are oral medications which can used to treat diabetes but they work in different way and are chemically unrelated to insulin.Perhaps someday, someone might develop an insulin that could be absorbed under the tongue. Don't try it, though.
Yes insulin is available in pill form. Usually only used in less severe cases of diabetes. Not sure why. My mom is a diabetic and she is on the injected form of liquid insulin.
yes. insulin r, n, and s forms are in pills
Insulin is a peptide hormone that is to say it is a protein in nature and so being the case is digested by enzymes in the digestive tract. So to avoid this insulin which may be created through genetic engineering or from animal extracts is available as an Intramascular injection and only one type of insulin which is used in diabetic emergency is available as an Intravenous injection.
There is NO insulin tablets and I don't think they can ever be, given the nature of the drug. There are however oral hypoglycemic drugs that are used in place of or in conjunction with insulin such as sulfonylureas.
NO. Insulin is a protein. It will be degraded by the stomach acids (HCl) that we produce. Therefore, the protein will be inactivated and the insulin will not work.
Insulin itself is not available in pill form. There are several types of diabetic pills available , they are not specifically insulin. Insulin does not come in pill form because it is a protein that will get digested in the stomach. The human can utilize the pill if the diabetes is not too bad.

Is hyrogeden proxcide good for your teeth. Can it whiten and purify your teeth?

Hydrogen Peroxide is not a good idea undiluted because it removes critical oxygen from the gums. If you want to swish around peroxide in your mouth don't leave it long and don't let it sit on your gums. generally though it is better to use it in toothpaste form. If by any chance you do accidently bleach your gums it doesn't generally hurt them. Just take a rag, wet it in warm water, and take a corner and rub the white spot on your gums for a while. Be careful not to make them bleed though.Charis
Hydrogen peroxide undiluted is not a good idea because it erodes the enamel on your teeth but mixed into a tooth paste (colgate) is a good one, it works really well for whitening.

Is Hydrogen Peroxide Okay to swallow?

Once when I was younger, I accidentally drank hydrogen peroxide and all it did was make me throw up. If I swallow it now (not alot of it), will it cause any really damaging side effects, besides vomiting? What if I use it alot?
If you are using it as a mouthwash or to brush your teeth, it won't hurt if you spit it out but a little goes down accidentally. However, you should not swallow it deliberately! H2O2 is poison if you get very much of it.
I wouldnt recommend swallowing it. But you can gargle with it. Yech!
Read the label-it is not for human consumption. If you are trying to do this because of a sick idea of losing weight, or you have an anorexic issue, please talk to someone. DO NOT USE THIS AS A STIMULANT TO VOMIT!!
um, that's dangerous! why are you wanting to make yourself throw up? i think you need to get some help, cause you don't sound very rational!
you must have had some good catalases and peroxidases at the time
No No No oh and did I say NO
I would not use it alot but say if you or perhaps a baby swollows pills that you are not supposed to take, it is good to take it so you can throw the pill up, but i would not drink it because every time you throw up the acid from your stomach hits your throat it is not good and rips off internal skin
You can get food grade hydrogen peroxide from some pharmacies, but other types may kill you

Is hydrocortisone safe to use on lips?

Steroids can thin and shrink skin, and lip skin is already thin. What is wrong with your lips that you want to use steroids on them?If it were me, I would get something prescribed for them if you have swelling or a rash--there are several strengths of topical steroids, and a dermatologist will know best how long it is safe to use each kind. He/she can also prescribe special formulations for special kinds of skin. You might also need something that is not a steroid (for example if what you have is cold sores).If you have swollen lips, they may also be part of a bigger problem, like a serious allergic reaction, and a doctor needs to see that.
as long as your dont eat it, yeah.
Lips are sensitive and hydrocortisone is a steroid . if you can find any other alternative that will be best. but if donot have any other alternative apply just a small amount and just for few days. and the best thing is speak to your doctor.

Is HPV contagious throughout your entire life or can it actually go away? I am male?

My girlfriend has hpv and i have slept with her. Neither one of us knew. Now I need to know if I can get rid of it, and not be contagious eventually?
HPV DOES NOT go away. It's a virus that stays with you for life. It goes through 2 phases lytic and lysogenic. The virus stays in the lysogenic stage most of the time there are usually no symptoms in this phase. For unknown reasons something triggers the HPV to switch from the lysogenic cycle to the lytic cycle, it is this cycle that causes symptoms
no i dont think so ive never heard of that
You definitely need to see your doctor but I think it can be cured if detected early enough. Check out Some types can go away on their own without any treatment.
Possibly, but you may just be a carrier for cervical cancer. Go to, to see more.
The new thinking on HPV is that if you can go long enough without an outbreak, your body sheds the disease. The last time I checked, 10 years was considered the time period. If you stick to your treatment and don't have an outbreak for 10 years, you have shed the disease (all infected cells have been replaced by healthy cells via attrition) and you won't ever have another breakout.

Is homosexuality a trait present in animals also. has it evolved with the evolution of the man kind ?

the term homosexuality is a label created by humans. Many species demonstrate variations in sexual behavior including attempts at mating with a same sex conspecific. So I guess in reference to your question, sure "homosexuality" is present in other animals. However, animal behavior researchers prefer not to refer to behaviors in this way. As far as evolving, well its here so it just wasn't harmful enough to the continuation of the human species to be selected against. Its just a variation of sexual behavior and certainly not abnormal.
Homosexuality is often seen in nature. Just watch monkeys together. Even gorillas sometimes show it. I don't know if it is an evolutionary thing with man. It would seem counter-productive from that angle, but nonetheless it does exist and I do believe it's something your born with.
It's present in animals. I tend to view it as a response to pre-natal stress.
its just heredity or curiousness.. animals r curious and humans r too. humans followed wut they saw happen around them and thats how humans got involved in homosexuality. its almost just like when man made fire. they had to experiment to see wut happens with one thing and another thing.
It's ridiculous to say that humans "got involved" with homosexuality. I happen to be gay and I wasn't hanging around gay people to "become gay". I knew absolutely no gay people until I was 17. I knew I was gay at 5 years old. Like many other people who realize their sexuality. It's strange that people think that you can be born with many other things but exclude any sexual deviation. Animals do have the trait too- take for instance the hyena.
It is not a trait in the animal kingdom. In animals, you have issues of dominance or alpha male. Its not sex or homosexuality. In nature, homosexuality doesn't make sense. How can you pass your genes on with a partner of the same sex? You would take yourself right out of the gene pool and that isn't logical.
I don't think so. God made animals straight, not gay. If they were gay, they wouldn't be alive. I don't think homosexuality is a trait either. I think it's the persons choice.
i don't think homosexuality is present in animals, because for me there are only two genders, male and female.homosexuality is just psychological (in the mind) he can be a gay or lesbian now, then tommorrow he'll a straight person.
According to Scientific American Mind, homosexuality is a mental "disease" that affects animals as well. They were observing reactions between mice, and some did show a preference for the same gender.
I have read that homosexual behavior has been observed in as many as 60 species. And suggesting that homosexuality is a choice is patently ridiculous. Who would knowingly choose a lifestyle that would result in shunning, ridicule, even death? How stupid do you have to be to believe that one?
No, nature speaks against it. There are anomalies. The Pro Homo folks like to take those anomalies and make them the rule.

Is homoeopathy better than apathy?

yes.bcos there r no side effects.
yes , ya , yeah becoz they r not bitter.
anything is better than apathy, but I prefer to find a midpoint.
Homeopathy is definitely better.
hands down, no doubt it's better to be passionate for everything than for nothing.
try not to use the big words, it tends to confuse people, I had to deduct what it meant and I'm not sure if I got it right
That same as homosexual

is homeopathy a good alternative to traditional medicine?

Homeopathy is safe. Unlike other medicines, homeopathic medicines usually do not have any side effects. Their ability to cause structural damage is Nil. The reason for this is that homeopathic medicines act by stimulating the body's own defense mechanism and healing powers. They do not have any chemical action, so they do not have the potential to cause any sustained damage. The doses are given in sub-physiological quantities. So they can be given to children and adults alike without worrying about the dosage. Safe for every one.Homeopathic medicines are very effective - in both acute and chronic conditions. Homeopathy in fact, is the only system of medicine which offers curative treatment (not palliative) to a large number of chronic ailments which have been labeled as 'incurable' by other schools of medicine. In acute ailments also, homeopathic medicines, if selected properly, give results faster then any other systems of medicine.Homeopathic medicines are easy to administer. Homeopathic medicines are usually dispensed as sweet sugar pills, which are very easy to take. Due to this reason, children readily agree to take homeopathic medicines.Homeopathic treatment is cheap. Homeopathic medicines are usually much cheaper than comparable allopathic and ayurvedic drugs. And also there is little stress on costly diagnostic procedures as homeopaths rely on the symptoms to find the right medicine for a person. So the overall cost of treatment is very little. Still this may not appear so to many people in western countries as homeopathic treatment is usually not covered by insurance companies. But that's myopic vision. One has to think of long-term gains. Under proper homeopathic treatment not only the person's immediate complaints improve, but also his/her susceptibility to disease decreases as there is a general improvement in health. So in the long run, there is better health,less medical consultations and the cumulative cost is very low. Even otherwise, hasn't some wise man said .."Health is the real Wealth"?Homeopathy considers the complaints of a patient in totality. It views a person as a whole, as an integrated entity, and not as a mere collection of body parts. So it treats the person as a whole too. Thus one does not have to visit ten different 'specialists' for his/her ten different body parts. After all our body is more than a collection of parts! So homeopathy saves your time, money and health at the same time.
no. it is not. at all
Hmmm. Distilled water versus real medicine.Let me think.
Heteropathy is better than both of those alternatives.
homeopathy is good since it have no side effects but it takes long time to cure but it definitely cures ,then it depends on the condition and severity of the ailment.
Homeopathy is a hoax.For example, they say they can cure pneumonia. It takes quite a long time versus traditional medicine, but pneumonia goes away at the end. Thus, people think that homeopathy worked. Meanwhile, they would have healed naturally at the same rate. Plus, if people really believe it, there is a placebo effect.
I've read brochures about benefits of homeopathy and, it really stuns me that these people are allowed to use such pseudoscientific and absurd claims to prey on ignorant patients.
TRUTH ABOUT Homeopathy-1
Homeopathy is gaining in popularity nowadays with its efficient cure and nil side-effects. But it has always been subject to criticism and comments. Here comes again, an opportunity for Homeopathy to show its stability.On August 24, 2005, Prince Charles commented that up to 480 million pounds could be saved by the UK government if one in 10 family doctors offered Homeopathy treatment to their patients as an alternative to standard drugs - The Times newspaper. It is well-known that traditionally the British Queen's family favours and follows Homeopathy. Prince Charles always insists that the UK government provide Homeopathy treatment in the National Health Services (NHS). But on August 27, 2005, the British medical journal 'The Lancet' commented on Homeopathy and stated that it was better than a sugar pill and it has only placebo effect i.e. acts psychologically. Usually, the words of 'The Lancet' are respected by doctors and people all over the world. But this news has stirred the entire world to repose faith in Homeopathy and publish views against this comment.This news was also flashed in various newspapers and journals throughout the world as a press release. We Homeopaths suspect Lancet was probably prejudiced against someone something. We do not know if it was due to politics or economic, or just a flawed conclusion? Or if it was related to funding of Homeopathy by the World Health Organization, with positive preliminary reports?It is high time to answer the criticism, to convert all the stones thrown at Homeopathy into stepping stones for its additional uplift. Even though Homeopathy was born in Germany and spread all over the world, Indians are the major users.Let us analyse the facts and reality of Homeopathy in the face of the Lancet comment. This is not for argument's sake or for kindling a dispute. It is all for the welfare of the patients and the Homeopathy system.Everyone should keep one thing in mind and should work for it: Cure. Cure is more important than the system of medicine or the doctor. Each and every system has its own advantages and limits. The authentic way is to admire its advantages than to criticise its limits. There are lots and lots of patients who seek only Homeopathy treatment. Also, millions and millions of people are getting attracted to Homeopathy as an alternative system of medicine.Since the Lancet trials say Homeopathy medicines are nothing more than sugar pills, it accepts that the system has nil side-effects even on prolonged medication. There used to be a fear that Homeopathy may contain steriods or metals, which may affect the kidney.But this has been ruled out now with the Lancet report. The only thing left is cure and how the system works, which is to be discovered by Homeopaths and the advancement of science.Sources which support efficiency of Homeopathy
Many similar clinical trials which have been conducted earlier have shown favorable results for Homoeopathy. They are
Clinical Trials of Homeopathy - British Medical Journal - Published in 1991
A Meta-Analysis of Placebo Controlled Trials, Lancet - Published in 1997What actually does Lancet say?
Has Lancet commented on Homeopathy against proper clinical trials?
Is this the right way to analyse?
What is Homeopathy? What is its basic principle?
How does Homeopathy work?
How are Homeopathy medicines proved?
Does Homeopathy work psychologically?What does Lancet actually say?: Homoeopathy's clinical effects are placebo effects. Matthias Egger (University of Berne, Switzerland) and colleagues had compared 110 placebo controlled, randomized trials of homoeopathy with 110 conventional-medicine trials matched for disorder and type of outcome. The clinical topics studied in the trials ranged from respiratory infections, asthma gastrointestinal problems %26 surgery to anesthesiology. The researchers looked at the treatment effects in smaller, low quality trials and larger trials of higher quality. They found, in both groups, that smaller trials of lower quality showed more beneficial treatment effects than larger and higher-quality trials. However, when the analysis was restricted to large trials of high quality there was no convincing evidence that homoeopathy was superior to placebo, whereas for conventional medicine an important effect remained.In their conclusion the researchers had said that their study powerfully illustrates the interplay and cumulative effect of different sources of bias. They acknowledge that to prove a negative is impossible, but they feel that they have shown that the effects seen in placebo-controlled trials of homeopathy are compatible with the placebo-hypothesis.In an accompanying Comment, Jan Vandenbroucke (Leiden University Medical Centre, Netherlands) states: "Science is an intrinsically human affair. When new theories are created and new evidence sought, judgment will retain a subjective element. This does not mean that it is impossible to sift out which interpretation is more valuable . . . The ultimate proof is that science make progress in changing reality: in allopathic [conventional] medicine by preventing, alleviating, and curing disease ever more effectively."In an accompanying editorial of The Lancet comments: "It is the attitudes of patients and providers that engender alternative-therapy seeking behaviors which create a greater threat to conventional care - and patients' welfare - than do spurious arguments of putative benefits from absurd dilutions . . . Now doctors need to be bold and honest with their patients about homeopathy's lack of benefit, and with themselves about the failings of modern medicine to address patients' needs for personalized care."In a similar vein, the Swiss Government, after a five year trial, has now withdrawn insurance coverage for homeopathy.Has Lancet commented on Homeopathy against proper clinical trials?
Is this the right way to analyse Homeopathy?The method of trial followed by the Swiss team is utterly and absolutely wrong. No one can accept this, since the base of research itself is wrong. Also Lancet had not explained its trial wholly. Homeopathy medicines should be given only by individualisation and matching the drug symptoms with the patient's symptoms. It cannot be just prescribed like in other systems of medicines, for any disease as such. Homeopathy treats symptoms of the patients than symptoms of the disease. For selecting the right drug it gives importance to the character of onset of symptoms, its aggravating or precipitating factors, and the characteristic symptoms of the patient, exciting cause, thirst, sweat, shivering, appetite, sleep, stool habit, restlessness, relieving factors and associated symptoms.Every patient has his own pattern of falling ill, and will experience different sets of symptoms even for the same illness. For example, in jaundice, the disease symptoms are yellow urine, pale stool, fever, nausea, vomiting, yellowishness of the conjuctiva and skin, itching of the body, etc. Apart from these disease symptoms, Homeopathy gives importance to the symptoms of the patient than the disease symptoms which help to individualise him, i.e. some patient of jaundice will have fever, vomiting, nausea, itching, etc., some will have a different set of symptoms like loss of appetite, thirst, profuse sweating, weakness, constipation, etc.Here the selection of Homeopathic medicines will be different for these patients, even though they are suffering from jaundice. A well-selected remedy quickly supports the body mechanism and clears the complaints at the earliest. A Homeopath may fail in curing the disease but Homeopathy never fails, i.e. cure depends upon the ability of the doctor to diagnose the case and select the right drug. So, unlike any other systems of medicine, there cannot be clinical trials in Homeopathy as specific remedies.

Is HIV fetal immunity possible?

embryopathy of AIDS
When a mother is HIV possible, it is very possible to have a child that is born HIV free. The mother must take anti-HIV drugs (like AZT) to keep her viral levels down. The blood baby barrier of the placenta should be able to prevent transmission under these circumstances. The baby must also be born by Ceaserean Section rather than vaginal birth.
Yes, some research have shown that not all the fetuses are infected by HIV in-utero. And with the current regimen of offering Antiretrovirals during pregnancy to HIV infected mothers has shown some benefit in protecting the fetus from infection. They think that HIV is transfused into the child during delivery where complications may occur that will alllow the mixing of the fetal and maternal blood.
i don't think its possible .because no vaccine have been found out till as the HIV is a virus that changes its shape every second its unable 2 find a vaccine against it
felines and dogs have both survived their form of HIV (the H is for human in felines it is FIV) and all present day cats and dogs have the virus but are immune to it, like most of us are resistant to the plague. everyone who was susceptible to it died. the ones who were lucky enough to have some form of immunity went on to have children who were also immune to it.

is health care still in like the dark ages?

No.We have vanquished dozens of diseases to history's curiosity heap (ask your doctor if he's ever taken care of someone with polio).We have invented humane anesthesia for performing miraculous surgeries (coiling cerebral aneurysms, stenting coronary arteries, transplanting organs).We have doubled the human life expectancy in the last 100 years. A feat unequaled in the history of man.
It's worse than the Dark Ages. Churches took care of people back in the day.
mm - yes? no? possibly? what?
The dark ages during the plague which was thought to be caused by unhealthy night air? I don't think so.
In some ways, yes. By handing out drugs to kill all symptoms instead of finding the cause of the symptoms and using the body's own energy to heal, we're not moving ahead.I'm not anti-drug. I'm anti-really helping.

Is head transplant possible?

Will you donate your head when you die if it was possible?
No. no-one has succesfully managed to splice a spinal cord yet.. Till then, no head transplants
Why not, I am damn pretty.I am sure some museum or art gallery would want it
have you heard of Frankenstein . ..Whos head do you want..
Angelina Jolie or Brad Pitt
It is not possible. Not yet anyway. The head has many organs and you have to be able to reconnect (or splice) a spinal cord or two portions of spinal cords belonging to two different people with different genetic markers, which is even harder in theory. In practice so far we can not transplant or replant the head to a foreign body or the owners own.
it's not possible and you can'tdonate a "head" although you can donate corneaswhich are in the head
Well, the spinal cord can't be fused once cut yet, so it is currently impossible.If I died, donating my head would never work because brain cells are the first cell in the body to die from lack of oxygen. The brain would be useless.It is interesting you call it donating a head. In reality, it would the body that would be donated to the head since it is the brain that houses the seat of consciousness.
No, a head transplant is not possilbe. To do so would require slicing the spinal cord in two bringing instant death to the patient.
Actually my friend in Edmonton has already called Dibs on my brain. And my buddy in Arizona has been trying to suck my brains out through my ears for years.
A head transplant has be done on a primate in the 1970s by world reknown neurosurgeon, Dr Robert White. However, the spinal cord, like some people have astutely observed, was severed and thus the primate was paralysed from the neck down. Many years prior to this, a russian scientist attached the head of a puppy to the neck of a fully grown dog in an experiement to determine whether the puppies head will normal metabolic activity. It did. The video footage of this "two headed monster-dog" is enough to shock some people into joining P.E.T.A but it nonetheless did lay down some important scientific framework for future neurological work as well as becoming the inspiration for Dr White's research.Assuming that we can overcome the gross factor, not to mention the ethical dilemmas of transplanting a head, the possibility of this development in medicine reaching an explosive climate might just be around the corner with the discovery that specific cells taken from the nasal cavity could just provide the answer to the problem of reconnecting the spinal cord.. a body transplant would a more accurate term. But I wouldnt mind my head being attached to Van Disels body - or Jessica Simpson's body, for totally different reasons :)
yes, transfer your head to your butt!
Even if it were, I don't know that I would want anyone else's body. Most Americans are fat and ugly.
YES, it is possible for any mammalian creature.
For humans, monkeys, for anyone.
It is strange but you can find a web site that its name is " Head transplantation" and you sign in it : signed in it because it is very nice.also I found it has been for a monkey in 2001 . beleive that by reading this page : you want more confirmation that it is possible for human , I read that :"The majority of neurosurgeons believe that head transplantation in humans will be possible in the near future"you can read it in this page :, we have to beleive that when someone dies if he got a head transplantation or not , life ( his soul )will not come back again to him.
I think that you are on the right track.
no! absolutely no because of the nerve cells. once the brain doesn't have air o course the cells will be dead. take not: the nerve cells cannot reproduce another. thats why they are still studying stem cells.

Is happiness nothing more than just a neurological brain state?

Seems like the predominant way to treat mental health disorders such as depression, etc is thru pharmocological means. What does this say about our emotions? Are we just neurologically determined?
It is connected to seratonin, a hormone secreted by brain. There are substances that increase seratonin secretion, such as chocolate. They can make you artificially happy. On the other hand, you may get happy about something and your brain secrete seratonin naturally. Mental disorders cannot be treated by natural means unfortunately. We can't just make you happy naturally if you are in depression. You can go to a movie and get happy but it will be only temporary. You need more permanent things that make you happy, such as a happy marriage or a successful career. Since temporary changes make you happy for 2 hours and then you get back to your miserable life, you wanna spend the rest of your life watching movies, so it actually doesn't do any good to you and since a doctor prescribe you a happy marriage or a successful career, we have to use pharmocological products.
yesa lot more than that - "you", your "ego" and your "identity " are nothing more than neurological brain states toothis is why they are affected by what you do, eat, sniff, drink, touch, weather, noise level, rhytm, etc.because there are so many factors involved it seems random, but in fact "happiness" is just a bunch of complex neurological brain states
Yes. The body secretes a chemical called serotonin, which makes you happy. That's all it is.
It depends on what point of view you are considering.
According to my opinion, it is something mixt.
Let's take the definitions in order to find a possible solution.
There is a net distinction in neurology between emotion and feeling. I will try to give a small description, as I remember them from physiology.
Emotions are defined by certain neuronal systems that are producing behaviours that contribute to survival.The conscious perception of those emotions are called feelings.
I would say that it is psycho-somatic.Then you are talking about depression : there is primary and secondary depression. The one is due to external factors (and it is reversible)and the other is due to congenital factors.
As I have told you, in order to feel something a chemical reaction has to occur.
You feel depressed, then it is probably due to serotonin's action and in order to correct the problem you have to reverse this action taking a medicine.KaterinaPlease allow me to give 2 private answers, because they are long and can't fit in the comments section.ANSWER TO DELO4,We want it or not,in our brain everything has to do with chemicals.
The communication between neurons(this is the name of the cells of our brain)is called neurotransmission. It is possible because a neuron is capable to secrete a chemical substance called neurotransmittor that is captured by another neuron.
ANSWER TO GOKAY05TAK,I wanted to point out that serotonin can't make "artificially" happy a healthy individual. When a disorder occurs, the amount of this substance in our organism is not correct. So, we are correcting this amount taking the medicine. If a healthy individual that is not diagnosed of depression takes this medicine, will not feel happy imediately(but he will have all the adverse reactions of the drug). It is not similar it's action to narcotic drugs that give this sensation of false happiness.
happiness is not like joyment its an emotional state that no body can explain it its not related to chemicals in the brain or any thing else
Yes, but it is created by an outside event that you like so you experience a copy of the reality.Poor life gets you sick according to recent studies so if you have a poor way of life you'll experience poor mental health,simple, yes?

is going to school to become a PA worth it? is it a good career? is the paying worth it?

I like to be a doctor but I'm just not ready for the hard work, and you spend 11 or more years of your life studying.. that's just not for me, I just want to graduate in 4 years not more than that.
so I thought about becoming a PA I know it's not easy but at least it doesn't take more than 4 years to graduate, but I'm not sure how's the proffession and the salary and how people see you..and stuff like that
INCOME - Results of the 2005 AAPA Physician Assistant Census Survey indicate that the mean total income from primary employer for PAs who are not self-employed and who work at least 32 hours per week for their primary employer is $81,129 (standard deviation $21,254); the median is $77,402. The comparable mean for PAs who have been in clinical practice for less than one year is $68,116 (standard deviation $13,077); the median is $66,591.OUTLOOK ON PROFESSION - According to the findings published in AAPA's Information Update: Projected Number of People in Clinical Practice as PAs as of January 1, 2006, 91 percent of 2005 PA program graduates were estimated to be in clinical practice as PAs in 2006. The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projects that the number of PA jobs will increase by 50 percent between 2004 and 2014. The BLS predicts the total number of jobs in the country will grow by 13 percent over this 10-year period. The physician assistant profession was ranked the fourth fastest growing profession in the country.

The PA profession was also ranked by CNN and Money magazine in May 2006 as one of the top five jobs in the country.For more information visit:
http://www.aapa.orgPost %26 Speak with current PA's:
Put it this way.They will always be sick people and they will always need help
There's a shortage of PA's and nurses in this country. Your residency will be tough,but then it'll get better because you will be in great demand especially in hospitals in large cities. Good luck!
The PA is an amazing degree, stuck between heaven and hell. Doctors don't know how to treat you (although doctors don't treat anyone who is below doctor very well), and nurses won't like you, either. The pay is decent; national average is reported as around $75,000 (reference 1), but- I have no idea where these sites come up with crappy numbers like that. I've seen them quote average salaries in my field as being substantially more than anything I've ever seen advertised. So, call it $60K just to be safe.The job market for all medical positions (doctor, nurse, PA, paramedics, etc.) seems to be pretty good right now; salaries aren't what they should be, and people tend to work long hours because there aren't enough people to hold down the work. But then you have to deal with people- usually icky people who are sick, frequently rude, and have all sorts of germs coming out of them.My recommendation? Veterinarian. You get bit and scratched a lot, but it's awful tough to contract influenza or Hep A from your patients.Still want to work with humans? Heart/lung machine operator. A couple of years of school to become a button-pusher that makes $60K a year for running a machine that- thank gawd- requires absolutely no talking to the patient (who, in all likelihood, is on the operating table for surgery required by lifestyle preferences that are frequently avoidable). No anaesthesia, and if you know which buttons to push, your liability is low- and handled by the hospital in any case.Best of all- heart disease is unlikely to go away entirely despite any unforseen medical advances. Job assurance.
Yes it is. join the reserves and get a free education for it. The acceptance rates are really high and only require 30 hours in certain classes.
good for you

is gene found in stomach similar to gene present in cheekcell.explain the answer?

is gene found in stomach similar to gene present in cheekcell.explain the answer?
Every cell in your body possesses a full copy of your DNA. This is because all cells originate from a single cell, made when the sperm joins the egg. As this cell divides and divides to make a fully grown baby, these cells are copied over and over, billions of times, and therefore all contain the exact same DNA, just some go to the ear, eyes, skin, etc and make different body parts.This means a sample of your cheek cells will be able to give the same information about you as the stomach cells. In this way, police forensics only need a hair follicle or scraping from the inside of the cheek to identify someone from their genes.
In terms of genetic identity, yes, the genes in our stomachs are identical to the genes in our cheeks. However, when we consider activation and expression of those genes, our stomach and cheek cells differ greatly. Some genes in our stomach cells may not have any expression while the same may not be true for our cheek cells. It is this combination of activation and silencing that makes our bodies' cells so varied.
A cell from anywhere in the body has DNA in it that could identify an individual. There is also information in it on how to be the cell from where it came. In metatasis of cancer cells when a cell moves from a cancerous liver to the brain, you can tell that it ws a liver cell that started it. In stem cell research you can start with a cell that has not differentiated into its type of cell and direct it to become something else.This is why stem cell research is needed to help repair spinal injuries or replace brain cells when disease affects some.

Is Gassed Mineral Water Harmful To Health ?

it depends on the gas.. steam is a gas which is also water but nothin happens when it mixes with water and also chlorine gas is pumped to kill bacteria in water
Hi,,,, no ,, but it tastes like crap!! good luck
Whether or not the water is harmful really depends on what gas is in solution. Water/carbon dioxide can be refreshing however water and sour gas (hydrogen sulphide) is revolting. The sulphur could certainly make one vomit. So the exact gas is important.
Most well water especially cold well water has some gas dissolved in it. Most of the gas so dissolved will rapidly come out of solution as bubbles and dissappears when a glass of it comes out of the tap. Hope this helps

is foreskin removal a solution in search of a problem?
YES!See: "reasons to circumcise" are proposed. As each is shown to be spurious (except in the very very VERY rare case of a cancer of the penis or foreskin), a new one is endorsed by the circumcisers. See the animation of each "reaon" being "bopped"!:-)
i think the questions are ok, i think you need to be answering a lot of people who are posting like "i'm going to have a baby" and stuff and put short educational stuff i there because they might not click on a link. I do this all the time on this site. Try to emphasize the trauma and damage and pain to the baby. I use words like amputate a god-given part of a human body etc.

Is fat present in veins? If yes why fat deposits not found in veins.?

Fat deposit in the capillaries cause serious problem. But in veins does the problem arise.
Fat does not deposit in capillaries. I deposits in arteries because the high pressure maintained over time damages the intima and fatty deposits develop. Veins are low pressure and may have blood clots but not atheromatous plaques.
I dont really know, ubt I do knwo that the pressure in arteries is much higher than viens. It probbaly has somthign to do with the fluid mechanics of blood flow . IF the flwo i nthe viens is slow enough, the blood itself might flow in a condition where it acts like a plug. This would make it harder for fat to deposit.
The plaque that causes arterialsclerosis is largely composed of fat, and this is what causes strokes and contributes to heart attacks.
this can be a leader of heart attacks and can even cause a stroke.
can be very painful as well.
and even can cause death.
Correction, the plaque that builds up is calcium deposits,which is arteriosclerosis ( hardening of the arteries). The fatty deposits which build up in the intima of arteries and thereby making the lumen smaller is called atheriosclerosis( too many cheeseburgers and doughnuts).

Is Evolution Anathema for frail and bald Men?

they just got the shallow end of the gene pool
Sexual selection:

is etoricoxib arcoxia considered steroids?

Arcoxia (etoricoxib) is a COX-2 selective inhibitor medication in development by Merck. Drug information on the COX-2 selective inhibitor Arcoxia, generic name etoricoxib. Merck鈥檚 FDA drug application for Arcoxia seeks indications for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, chronic low back pain, gout, and ankylosing spondylitis.It is non-steroidal.
Etoricoxib (brand name Arcoxia庐) is a new COX-2 selective inhibitor from Merck %26 Co. Doses are 60 to 120 mg/day. The FDA is requiring additional safety and efficacy data for etoricoxib before it will issue approval. It has been registered in some European countries, e.g. the United Kingdom. It is also available and promoted in India, along with celecoxib. It is for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, chronic low back pain, gout, and ankylosing spondylitis.

is endotracheal intubation always a must during major surgery?

I don't know about a must, but its a good idea because anasthesia can make some people vomit, and if your lying on your back unconscious it is easy to aspirate stomach acid into the lungs which can kill you.
yes, because they give medicines that can paralyze your breathing muscles. (they also have medicines that reverse that effect within like 2 seconds)
Not necessarily. Some can be done with local or area blocks. C-Sections are routinely done with either an epidural or spinal anesthesia and only some O2 by mask or nasal cannula is used.
Here is more information on technics of intubation.
How else will ya breath when your lungs are paralyzed ..
It depends on what you define as "major surgery". If the procedure calls for general anesthesia, then paralytic drugs are usually given. If this is done, you must be intubated or else you will die of suffocation, you can't inflate your lungs. Also, the inflatable cuff around the outside of the endotracheal tube prevents the accidental entry of foreign substances or fluids into the lungs.
it always happens on tv.
major surgery yes, minor surgery no.
To my knowledge it is only required when the patient is under general anesthetic thus the lungs might be too relaxed or the patient might go into anaphalactic shock (allergic reaction) to the medication.

is elephantitis a big problem these days ?

Elephantiasis, most commonly the parasitic form lymphatic filiarisis, is a devestating problems in many regions of the world. The blockage of lymphatic vessels leads to terrible disfigurement and loss of limb function. Some regions of Africa have large populations of people suffering from the disease, both the parasitic and non-parasitic forms.
if your pet elephant has become a big problem why not give it to the zoo?
A mammoth one!!
Elephantits only really occurs in developing countries, especially in Africa. It can be a huge problem (no pun intended), affecting entire villages.
I just asked my wife, a Registered Nurse. She doesn't think there is a cure for it but not considered a big problem because it is not widespread.Glad you asked I had forgotten all about that. Hope you don't have it
as far as i know its one of those super rare conditions affecting like 1 in a million or something.
If my kn*b is anything to go by!
The correct term is PROTEUS SYNDROME. I think that there are cases, but the are very rare.

is ejaculation healthy?

If you keep it clean, safe and private yes. Done in public or with others in unclean ways it can be very unhealthy.Of course like anything good too much of it can become not so good for you. Find balance.
Masterbation? Ejaculation is what the body does.
If you don't do it at least five times a day it will start backing up and leak out your go for it!
hey, it releases tension %26 stress so it must have some positives, right?
Look at it this way, if it was UNhealthy, we as a species would have ceased to exist long ago.
More ejaculation = lower chance of prostate cancer in the future
all things in moderation

Is Ear-transplant actually possible? where? whome to contact? cost? web-links?

If someone looses hearing capability can he or she regain it by transplanting the internal ear or any part of the whole mechanism involving the process of hearing?
You are probably thinking of cochlear implants. Depending on what type of hearing loss you have, it is sometimes possible to drill a hole in you skull and place a small device called a cochlear implant into the part of your ear that actually sound waves into nerve impulses. For some people it can work incredibly well (Rush Limbaugh is a good example), but it doesn't work for everyone. For example, it won't work in older individuals who have been deaf since birth or anyone without an intact 8th cranial nerve. Cochlear implants are generally performed only at major academic medical centers. They are also extremely expensive, costing somewhere in the ballpark of $40,000. Fortunately, they are often covered by medical insurance. Since cochlear implants are only helpful for certain types of hearing loss, you should first ask your primary doctor whether you might be a good candidate for a cochlear implant. Your doctor can also help refer you to sub-specialists (usually otolaryngologists) in your region who perform this type of surgery.
No Cause It Must Be A Disorder. Good Luck=)

is drug chitosan withdrawned from any market world wide?

I found a product with chitosan in it that was recalled, but the chitosan had nothing to do with it. Other than that, there are no recalls on it that I can find. I did a pretty through search and would feel reasonably safe to say that there are none at all.
i dont know --but i also want to know --thanks

is drowning a peacefull way of dying?

no, it would be painful and you would be alive as the water fills your lungs until they exploded and you died.
I wouldn't think that water filling up your lungs and you sufficating is a peaceful way to die.
No its not.Sleeping is.
I don't know how peaceful it is for the alveoli in your lungs to explode. Painful, yes; peaceful, I doubt it.
Try this.. put a bag over your head and tie it off. see how much fun it might be.Or, have you ever had something go down your trachea rather than your esophagus? Can you imagine that would be peaceful?
Only if you think that struggling to breath, inhaling water, and having your brain slowly starve to death from lack of oxygen while your lungs burn is peaceful.
No one here can tell you that. Go to a psychic/medium.
definately not..
Um.. well ihave to say no. because its watter filling up ur lungs and u suffucating so unless you think is peacefull then no.
No, I'd hate to go in any way that involves lack of breathing.
I would guess it's not. Have you ever experienced having water go up your nose while swimming or water going down the windpipe instead of the esophagus? Both of those experiences are painful to me. I can't imagine having that feeling for several minutes until death happens.
you will suffocate
ever get choked on a drink of water?what do you think?
Not until you enter the euphoric stage from lack of oxygen. Prior to that, it is a very terrifying thing.
I don't think so. We are designed to survive, and even if we are determined to die,we would thrash about and panic at the last second. This is why we cannot simply hold our breath to kill ourselves. Our survival instinct kicks in.
If in any way you are thinking of doing this to yourself, please,please do not Things can seem terrible at times, but you never know what wonderful,happy times may be in your future. Call a help line in the yellow pages,talk to your pastor or a friend or teacher. You cannot know the heartache that comes to a family and never goes away. Others care,and I care,too. may God bless you
Compared to burning to death, yes it would be. After the initial struggle for your body to get a last breathe, the lack of oxygen to your brain results in a euphoric feeling, most commonly attributed to seeing the light.Having your body functions simply stop during your sleep would be the most peaceful, but drowning would be the least painful when compared to being horribly mangled and slowly bleeding out. Burning to death would be excruciating until your nerves were all burned off.
I tried to drown a fish once and he just peacefully swam away to his fate. On this basis I would have to say yes.
No. You'd be thrashing toward the surface during your last painful minute of life. Not at all peaceful.
Do you think struggling for air and knowing you're going to die is peaceful way? I don't think so.
I've heard that it's not painful. A guy who drowned and then woke up again told me.
ask Bruce Willis
Drowing is peaceful until the water starts filling your lungs. Then you're in horrible pain, just like you're choking on water that went down the wrong pipe. You go into a coughing fit basically until everything goes black, and everything gets peaceful and quite again.
dying in your sleep (not due to a pillow in your head) would be much better. drowning? There's still a chance you'd fight for your life. why are you asking this question? are you planning something on somebody? Dont!

is drinking distilled water bad for you?

because it doesnt contain salts it damages the kidneys?
First of all, let me review for the record what distilled water is 鈥?it鈥檚 water that has been turned into steam so its impurities are left behind. The steam is then condensed to make pure water. The process of distillation kills and removes virtually all bacteria, viruses, heavy metals, and other organic and inorganic contaminants. Once distilled, the water is as pure as water can reasonably be. For reasons I don't understand, any number of myths 鈥?some quite extreme 鈥?have grown up over the years about distilled water. A quick Internet search today will take you to sites that put forth such views as "distilled water leads to early death." Nonsense. One claim holds that distillation removes all of water's beneficial minerals. While it鈥檚 true that distillation removes minerals as well as various contaminants from water, we don't know that the human body can readily absorb minerals from water. We get our minerals from food, not water. By one manufacturer鈥檚 estimate, you would have to drink 676 eight-ounce glasses of tap water in Boston to reach the RDA for calcium. Your question as to whether distilled water leaches minerals out of the body reflects another persistent myth. While pure water helps to remove minerals from the body that cells have eliminated or not used, it does not "leach" out minerals that have become part of your body's cell structure. Neither does distilled water cause your teeth to deteriorate, a false claim made by a filter manufacturer looking to boost sales. As far as acidity goes, distilled water is close to a neutral pH and has no effect on the body鈥檚 acid/base balance.I hope I've set your mind at ease. Distilled water not only isn't dangerous, it鈥檚 the purest form of water. It鈥檚 also the kind of water I drink.
but it has no minerals in it either, which the body needs.
No not at all, its not bad for you but its also not good for you, as it will have lost the important minerals however it is not harmful in any way.
yes it is - add some scotch to counter balance it
some what it does
Not bad for you as such but just to make sure that you kill any bacteria or baddies in there then try adding some Malt whisky in approximately 70% whisky 30% water
well dat depends i mean yes n no it can hurt u it depends how much water u drink if u drink a lil of it then its fine if u drink like a gallon from all day then i guess it can hurt u
not harmfull at all. how do you think we mix our black ink to tattoo light shading ? thats it. distilled water. if its safe enough to under your skin its deffinatly safe enough to drink
Drinking distilled water is not bad for you in any way. It has no effect on the kidneys. The only thing is that because it doesn't contain natural salts and minerals it doesn't taste as good as undistilled water. There is a large article about distilled water on Wikipedia. I suggest that you read it for information and reassurance.
I would look into that cause I don't have an answer
vat did your mozer tel u wippiin heed chab
Human beings survived (and still do) without distilled water for millions of years.You are not going to make any difference.But, distilled water is best-suited for wet-cell batteries right? :-)
what i know is that it is not bad for your organism, but it is useless for it because of the lack of the salts and other components that are essential to the body. Including some bacteria and microorganisms.
It is stripped of its mineral content. Once or twice it may not hurt you, however over the course of time is a different story. If you continually drink distilled water instead of regular water, your body will lack the essential nutrients to stay healthy. If you choose to drink distilled water then supplement your diet with the essential minerals that your body needs.
Distilled water is pure water and if this was all you have ever drank, there would be no effect on your body. The problem is our bodies are not use to pure water, as the water we drink has minerials and chemicals in it. Drinking distilled water would not harm you, just make you sick. Similar to the effect you get when drinking water abroard.
no its not bad for you to drink ,but mineral water is much better

Is Dr. Scott Hervey Foerster really a doctor?

He says he is a Medical Doctor but has no record with the AMA, or any higher education documents! and so I am alittle concerned about his credibility.
Dr. Scott Hervey Foerster's web site - - indicates that he is in Oklahoma and an epidemiologist. To be a practicing physician, one must have an MD, and pass the boards (the USMLE), and apply for a licence to practice in a specific state. Many epidemiologists do not practice medicine: they use their MD degree as an academic qualification. Scott Hervey Foerster is not licensed to practise medicine in Oklahoma: a search of the Oklahoma Board of Medical Licensure %26 Supervision
found only two Foerster. Adolf Hervey Foerster is dead; the other is David William - not even a possible match. My _guess_ is that he is a real MD - - but has not taken the USMLE here in the US or else has not apply for a license in Oklahoma. So, technically, he is a real doctor, but not a practicing physician.
Your state liscenses medical practitioners- check your local sate web site for medical liscenses. Most are listed.

Is doctor assisted suicide ethical?

No,Read the oath the doctors swear to.

Hippocratic Oath I swear by Apollo Physician and Asclepius and Hygieia and Panaceia and all the gods and goddesses, making them my witnesses, that I will fulfil according to my ability and judgment this oath and this covenant:To hold him who has taught me this art as equal to my parents and to live my life in partnership with him, and if he is in need of money to give him a share of mine, and to regard his offspring as equal to my brothers in male lineage and to teach them this art - if they desire to learn it - without fee and covenant; to give a share of precepts and oral instruction and all the other learning to my sons and to the sons of him who has instructed me and to pupils who have signed the covenant and have taken an oath according to the medical law, but no one else.I will apply dietetic measures for the benefit of the sick according to my ability and judgment; I will keep them from harm and injustice. I will neither give a deadly drug to anybody who asked for it, nor will I make a suggestion to this effect. Similarly I will not give to a woman an abortive remedy. In purity and holiness I will guard my life and my art.I will not use the knife, not even on sufferers from stone, but will withdraw in favor of such men as are engaged in this work.Whatever houses I may visit, I will come for the benefit of the sick, remaining free of all intentional injustice, of all mischief and in particular of sexual relations with both female and male persons, be they free or slaves.What I may see or hear in the course of the treatment or even outside of the treatment in regard to the life of men, which on no account one must spread abroad, I will keep to myself, holding such things shameful to be spoken about.If I fulfil this oath and do not violate it, may it be granted to me to enjoy life and art, being honored with fame among all men for all time to come; if I transgress it and swear falsely, may the opposite of all this be my lot.
Translation from the Greek by Ludwig Edelstein. From The Hippocratic Oath: Text, Translation, and Interpretation, by Ludwig Edelstein. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1943.
if the patient is in the right mind fram sure.
Sometimes a persons final days, months, and years can be torturous. But being a good person is not just about how you face life, but also about how you face death. I personally have not been faced with a drawn out death for myself or anyone close to me, so I'm not qualified to comment.
No, Doctors are supposed to save lives if possible, not take them.
This is a very touchy subject. It can be argued in either viewpoint. My personal view is that is not ethical for the doctors nor the patient. Doctors take an oath to what is best for well-being of their patients. If a patient is in serious pain he or she may want to commit suicide, but this still is not the answer God wants for them. Suicide is not the answer why should this be any different? I must say that no, it is not ethical.
Is physician-assisted suicide ethical?
The ethics of PAS continue to be debated. Some argue that PAS is ethical. Often this is argued on the grounds that PAS may be a rational choice for a person who is choosing to die to escape unbearable suffering. Furthermore, the physician's duty to alleviate suffering may, at times, justify the act of providing assistance with suicide. These arguments rely a great deal on the notion of individual autonomy, recognizing the right of competent people to chose for themselves the course of their life, including how it will end.Others have argued that PAS is unethical. Often these opponents argue that PAS runs directly counter to the traditional duty of the physician to preserve life. Furthermore, many argue if PAS were legal, abuses would take place. For instance, the poor or elderly might be covertly pressured to chose PAS over more complex and expensive palliative care options.Is physician-assisted suicide the same as euthanasia?
No. Physician-assisted suicide refers to the physician providing the means for death, most often with a prescription. The patient, not the physician, will ultimately administer the lethal medication. Euthanasia generally means that the physician would act directly, for instance by giving a lethal injection, to end the patient's life.
This is between the patient, some times the patient鈥檚 family, and the doctor. Remember, the patient owns their life. Anyone else placing restraints on what the patient can do, is inflicting a type of slavery.
I believe in Euthanacy (I think that's how it's called).I think it's selfish for people to keep other people alive even when they are terminal patients under pain, degrading practices and deteriorating family economy.Religious folks will say that God is against it. well. I guess we all should choose to believe what we want. But how I see it is that a human being is senselessly suffering and putting others to suffer.Now. I believe that only the patient can take that decision, and only if he's officially terminal. Unless he's braindead - then it should be up to the family to decide.
Its Euthanasia.. and its never going to have a correct answer. PAS has to be dealt with in a case-by-case manner and there can never be a global judgement, because the situations leading up to the consideration for PAS is something no human can judge unless in the situation.
In countries where absurd laws such as those that permit same-sex marriage are promulgated I find it difficult to understand why this question should create a bone of contention. Will you be surprised if tomorrow you wake up and hear that such an action has been legalised? I do not think it is ethical but with the current trend of events I do not see why this question should be asked!
YES, The doctor is committed to the well being of a person, to releive the pain %26 suffering by treating %26 curing him, If the patient is suffering from a disease which don't have any cure and is in great pain, then to releive his suffering %26 pain, the doctor can give him the lethal injection. In my view the doctor by assisting the patient to die is doing his duty.
i would say a medical student, the very first thing u do is to take the oath and it states quite clearly'I will neither give a deadly drug to anybody who asked for it, nor will I make a suggestion to this effect. Similarly I will not give to a woman an abortive remedy. In purity and holiness I will guard my life and my art.'
Umm..sparkovac, and the med student above me.that's the classical version, and if you notice if ANY doctor took that oath (and if it had any legal standing) surgery would be illegal--read the whole thing. No doctor takes THAT version.This very question is being debated over and over. I don't know the answer to that question. But I know that my last tattoo will be one that says DNR/DNI (do not resuscitate/do not intubate) in large letters on my chest, and I hope one of my colleagues will be kind enough to put me out of my misery if I'm suffering. Watching someone die slowly, and painfully while grieving relatives are prolonging the patients suffering because they aren't ready to part with them is difficult to watch. I think anyone who has held the hand of someone in excrutiating pain, dying of metastatic cancer, begging for death might not know if it's ethical, but knows that would be the kind and human thing to do. It takes a toll on physicians who have to see these people suffer and not be able to intervene.

Is dock weed a remedy for stinging nettle?

If it is how do you apply it?? Do you just break the leaf like Aloe vera or just rub the whole leaf on?
Many thanx for any answers
just rub the whole leaf on the sting
I hate to break it to you but Dock leaves are a Placebo - you believe that they work and so you feel better. Use "honey and whisky."
I dont know, but vinegar straight from the bottle is awesome for taking the sting out of things. they use vinegar on beaches infested with jellyfish also great for bee stings, bug stings, plant stings, sting sting stings.

Is DNA of human brain neuronsunder continuing repair or not?

DNA repair in normal adult human brain neurons
No. But all DNA has a built in redundancy and error correction before it is decoded into proteins.
in fact no..
if DNA in any cell is compeletely damaged it can't be repair again and it will lead to mutation
The DNA of a neuron cannot lead to a mutation because neurons do not divide. Mutation requires cell division.

Is diabetic neuropathy solely due to microvascular complications?

Can't non-enzymatic glycosilation of the nervous tissue play a role?
in my answer to your previous Q about diabetes you have the answer for this one 2
Glycosylation will help the body fix the problem or any other type of cellular disfunction.
Have you read the information on my page?
The causes are probably different for different varieties of diabetic neuropathy. Researchers are studying the effect of glucose on nerves to find out exactly how prolonged exposure to high glucose causes neuropathy. Nerve damage is likely due to a combination of factors:metabolic factors, such as high blood glucose, long duration of diabetes, possibly low levels of insulin, and abnormal blood fat levels
neurovascular factors, leading to damage to the blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients to the nerves
autoimmune factors that cause inflammation in nerves
mechanical injury to nerves, such as carpal tunnel syndrome
inherited traits that increase susceptibility to nerve disease
lifestyle factors such as smoking or alcohol use

Is diabetic neuropathy always peripheral?

If so, why? Why doesn't it also involve the CNS?
Definition of Diabetic neuropathy

Our Diabetic neuropathy Main Article provides a comprehensive look at the who, what, when and how of Diabetic neuropathy

Diabetic neuropathy: A family of nerve disorders caused by diabetes. Diabetic neuropathies cause numbness and sometimes pain and weakness in the hands, arms, feet, and legs. Neurologic problems in diabetes may occur in every organ system, including the digestive tract, heart, and genitalia. People with diabetes can develop nerve problems at any time, but the longer a person has diabetes, the greater is the risk. About half odf diabetics have some form of neuropathy, but not all with neuropathy have symptoms. The highest rates of neuropathy are among people who have had the disease for at least 25 years. Diabetic neuropathy is more common in people who have had problems controlling their blood glucose levels, in those with high levels of blood fat and blood pressure, in overweight people, and in people over the age of 40. Diabetic neuropathies are classified as peripheral, autonomic, proximal, and focal. Peripheral neuropathy causes pain or loss of feeling in the toes, feet, legs, hands, and arms. Autonomic neuropathy causes changes in digestion, bowel and bladder function, sexual response, and perspiration and can also affect the nerves that serve the heart and control blood pressure. Proximal neuropathy causes pain in the thighs, hips, or buttocks and leads to weakness in the legs. Focal neuropathy results in the sudden weakness of one nerve, or a group of nerves, causing muscle weakness or pain. Any nerve in the body may be affected. The blood glucose levels should be brought within the normal range to prevent further nerve damage. Although symptoms may get worse when blood glucose is first brought under control, maintaining lower blood glucose levels over times helps lessen neuropathic symptoms and prevent further problems. Good foot care is mandatory. Analgesics, low doses of antidepressants, and some anticonvulsant medications may be prescribed for relief of pain, burning, or tingling. Some patients may find that walking regularly, taking warm baths, or using elastic stockings may help relieve leg pain.Common Misspellings: diabetic nuropathy, diabetic neurophathy
Causes and Risk Factors of Diabetic Neuropathy
Scientists do not know how diabetic neuropathy occurs, but it is likely that several factors come into play. High blood glucose causes chemical changes in nerves, impairing their ability to transmit nerve signals. High blood glucose also damages blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients to the nerves. Also, inherited factors probably unrelated to diabetes may make some people more susceptible to nerve disease than others. Diabetic neuropathy appears to be more common in smokers, people over 40 years of age, and those who have had problems controlling the levels of glucose in their blood.and here is a study about CNS
Public release date: 5-Jul-2001
[ Print Article | E-mail Article | Close Window ]Contact: Dr. Solomon Tesfaye
Lancet Diabetic neurological disease could affect central nervous system
Damage to the nervous system associated with diabetes could influence the central nervous system in addition to the peripheral nervous system, suggest authors of a pilot study published in this week's issue of THE LANCET.
The origins of the neurological disorder diabetic neuropathy (distal symmetrical polyneuropathy), that affects a third of all people with diabetes, is poorly understood. There is no treatment for the disorder which is characterised by numbness and/or pain in the feet that can result in foot ulceration and amputation. However, there is some evidence that the disease process may extend beyond the peripheral nervous system. Simon Eaton and colleagues from the Royal Hallamshire Hospital and Sheffield University, UK, used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to measure spinal cord cross-sectional area to assess central nervous system impairment. Analysis of 19 diabetic patients with diabetic neuropathy was compared with 10 diabetic patients without diabetic neuropathy, and a group of 10 healthy controls. There were significant differences in spinal cord area between the groups in specific cervical and thoracic regions (C4/5 and T3/4), with a lower cord area in those with diabetic neuropathy compared to controls. Solomon Tesfaye (one of the investigators) comments: "This research is a pilot study with small numbers of participants, so there is a limit to the conclusions that can be drawn. Further work is required to improve the sensitivity of the measures and prove conclusively that the changes we found are due to a neuropathic process rather than simply the diabetes itself. Additionally, relating the cord area to the severity of neuropathy may help to understand the time course of spinal cord involvement. Our observation of extensive, and potentially irreversible, nerve damage in diabetic neuropathy suggests an important new direction for further research, concentrating on detecting the neuropathic process at an earlier stage, where potential new therapies are more likely to succeed."
Contact: Dr Solomon Tesfaye, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Glossop Rd, Sheffield S10 2JF, UK; T) +44 (0)114 271 3479; F) +44 (0)114 271 3708; E) ###
[ Print Article | E-mail Article | Close Window ]
Yes. The CNS is tangential to the corrollary of the inverse square of the distance from impulse to final sensory output/input sequences with a distinct modification of the transverse sublimal sphygmoid ancillary body.
Peripheral nerve injuries may affect cranial nerves or nerves from the spinal column and their branches. This type of neuropathy (nerve injury) tends to develop in stages. Early on, intermittent pain and tingling is noted in the extremities, particularly the feet. In later stages, the pain is more intense and constant. Finally, a painless neuropathy develops when pain sensation is lost to an area. This greatly increases the risk of severe tissue injury because pain no longer alerts the person to injury.
Autonomic neuropathies affect the nerves that regulate vital functions, including the heart muscle and smooth muscles. Low blood pressure, diarrhea, constipation, sexual impotence, and other symptoms can be caused by autonomic neuropathies
Please see the webpages for more details on Diabetic neuropathy.
By "peripheral," they mean hands and feet, not as an opposite of "central (nervous system)."Diabeteics often get bowel movement disorders and may not feel the chest pain associated with a heart attack due to neuropathy. So it's not just peripheral.
Diabetic neuropathy is basically a typical diabetic microangiopathy - that is to say diabetes causes damage to small blood vessels, including those that supply nerves. Diabetes isn't always peripheral. Diabetic retinopathy (eye damage) is very common and the retina itself is part of the central nervous system. Other central nerves can also be affected by diabetes. The frequency of the neuropathy appears to some extent to be related to the length of the nerve involved (hence diabetic neuropathy starts in the toes). It can also affect the autonomic nervous system (e.g. in erectile dysfunction). Nerves in the central nervous system are generally much shorter. this partially explains the reduced incidence.

is determination of minimum inhibitory concentration by measuring zone of inhibition is correct procedure ?

Minimum inhibitory concentration is the lowest level of anti-biotic in a culture media that will prevent growth. Zone of inhibition is the area around an anti-biotic disc that has no bacterial growth. to find min inhibit conc. Grow bacteria in decreasing amounts of anti-biotic, whether by using serial dilutions (2x,3x,4x whichever you prefer) and when you find a concentration of anti-biotic that the bacteria grow in, the dilution right before that is the minimum inhibitorty conc.
MICs can be accurately measured with a 2-fold dilution scheme in fluid cultures.Measuring on plates doesn't tell you what the actual concentration is, but you can compare the values of the size of the zone.So zone of inhibition does work, but only gives comparitive data, as opposed to 2 fold dilution in cultures which will determine the actual concentration needed for inhibition of growth

is Desoxyn庐 CII is an over the counter drug?

Desoxyn is a schedule II drug in the U.S. It is perscription only, used to treat poeple with weight problems or ADD/ADHD. Desoxyn is perscription Methamphatamine, so y would u think it would be over the counter?.In Conclusion:
Desoxyn = Meth
Obvious Answer: No
I doubt it

Is depression an autoimmune diease of the brain?

Medical science does not know for certain exactly what causes depression. Drug companies encourage doctors and scientists to call in a chemical imbalance, because drug companies sell chemicals. But no one is certain what causes it. Some doctors and scientists are beginning to think it is one of the approximately 80 autoimmune dieases that affect the body and the mind. It would explain a great deal. It would explain why people with psychosis or schizophrenia suddenly become well: the immune system shuts down. It would explain why people with AIDS never experience depression or an increase in depression: no immune system. It would explain why anti-depressants are the best prevention for heart attacks: they dampen the immune system in the brain and around the heart. They are finding that hardening of the arteries is largely caused by the immune system which results from stress. Many dieases are being linked to an autoimmune diease of the brain: alzheimer's, MS, anorexia, Parkinson's.
Autoimmune disease is the failure of the body to recognize its own constituent parts. Depression results from a failure of chemical synapses in the brain. These synapses typically fail to produce enough excitatory neurotransmitters (Serotonin, Norepinephrine, Dopamine) or the receptors on the postsynaptic cell for these neurotransmitters are damaged.For instance, anti-depressants (Prozac, Zolof, Paxil) are all SSRI's (serotonin-specific reuptake inhibitors) which sustain the neurotrasmitter in the cleft for a longer period of time.In conclusion, depression is not an autoimmune disease, but rather a chemical imbalance in the brain produced physologically or psychotically.
Lol no, it's just imbalences and complications of chemicals most of the time.
I don't think so.
nope. it's a chemical imbalance. the cause is unknown, but depression doesn't cause the brain to attack itself

is depleted uranium dangerous?

looking for info on spent, weaponized DU.
James's answer about the amounts you would need to inhale/absorb are correct, but I would disagree with his "rare" statement. A lot of depleted Uranium is used by the military in armour piercing rounds as it is about 10 to 100 times denser than lead.Unfortunately its use is hazardous and exposes the operators and the target to highly absorbable vapourised and finely powdered depleted Uranium. This has been linked with Gulf war syndrome in our troops from both Gulf wars where a lot of armour piercing ammuntion was fired. The effects on the target are unknown, and we should be watching for signs of radiation sickness in the Iraqi population and rise in birth defects etc as this toxic material builds up in the population.
I think so. Uranium, though depleted, is still a radioactive element. Besides hazards to human beings, uranium lying out in the open is probably bad for the environment.
Uranium itself is not very dangerous unless it is ingested or directly handled. For depleted uranium, the risk is even lower. Potential adverse effects would happen with 10mg of ingestion, while irreversible effects would happen with 30mg of ingestion. This is a very large amount for such a rare compound.

Is dark urine only a symptom of hepatitis C? Can it be cause by something less problematic?

high fever can cause rhabdomyolysis, a breakdown of muscle protein. The protein load will result in higher concentrations of BUN, creatinine and bilirubin, making a darker colored urine.Shake the urine in a closed container. If the foam is yellow, its likely bilirubin is the cause. If the foam is clear, its one of the other or several dissolved metabolic byproducts.
Dark urine is easily caused by lack of water. Try drinking more before you start to worry
Most often it is due to lack of water. Try drinking more.For fun try taking vitamin B and then look at your urine. It goes bright fluro yellow :D
dark urine usually just means that it has a lower concentration of water. this just means that you haven't been drinking enough water so your body is retaining from urine so that it can be used elsewhere for more important matters. that actually means that you just have less excess water in you. urine is the body's way of disposing of excess water, less of it in urine just means that there was less of an excess in the body. however there should be a fair amount of excess so you should be drinking moe water, but it isn't really serious. unless this isn't the cause and it is something else which happens to be serious. without any other symptoms though or any other reason to belive that you have hep c, it is probably just light dehydration.
I've heard the same. Mild dehydration. Drink more water (not soda which can deplete fluids). Pee should be a light, pale yellow.
yes you are dehydrated drink water. not juice, tea or coffe. water. the rest will just dehydrate you more. you should drink at least 8 cups of WATER a day on top of all the other liquids you consume
You sound like you are dehydrated. Drink lots of water and if Hep C is a concern call your doc.
Dark urine is usually the result of dehydration, but it can also be caused by things you eat, such as vitamins. Vitamin A especially. It can also be caused by certain drugs, such as anti-biotics (penicillin) and some other drugs such as Retin-A, which is a synthetic form of vitamin A used for treating acne. If your urine is dark and you feel fine otherwise, just drink more water. If if doesn't lighten up within a day or two and you've been drinking sufficient fluids, it could be a sign of something else.
urine sometiems is darker when you haven't drank much water in day.or sometimes when you have a lot of sugar in a day..just drink more water, less soda, and it should resolve itself, if not, then a trip to the good old doctors office would be a good idea.
dehydration.drink some more water..if piece of mind is on the time you go to the docs..take a pee sample (midstream)

Is curry a mixture of spices, or is it a plant?

It is a mixture, not a single plant.
It's a mixture of spices.
errrr..its a mixture of spicesanyways tumerica gives it its yellow color., bay leafit has fenugreek.forgot all the spices look for the recipe for curry online (curry has different mildness depending on the region from where it came from)
Spices- coming from all diffrent plants
Mixture of both.. chinese and indian curry that is.
it's a mix:2 tablespoons ground coriander
2 tablespoons ground cumin
2 teaspoons ground cardamom
2 teaspoons ground cinnamon
1 teaspoon ground cloves
1 teaspoon ground nutmeg
1 teaspoon ground turmeric
1/2 teaspoon cayenne pepper
1 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper
Combine all ingredients.
Stir well. Store in an airtight container.
Its a mixture of spices..i just ate some so i should know(CHOOSE MY ANSWER AS THE BEST ONE PLEASE)!
while some excellent answers have been offered, I would like to add that in the summer time when tomatoes are jumping off the vine - slice them nice and thick and sprinkle some curry on them along with some chopped vidalia onion - let it sit for an hour and serve with dinner.Your eyes will roll to the back of head!
Curry is a spice blend also called masala and or a dish made with curry spices. Curries are flavored with these spice blends. There are many differnt kinds of Curry spice mixes and dishes. There is also a plant called curry plant, a kind of Heliochrysum. The foliage and flowers smell like curry.
The leaves are sometimes used to add a curry flavor to cream sause and the Curry plant has a number of uses in herbal medicine
cumin, saffran among others. it's a mix, and there's different kinds: yellow, red, and green curry.
very yummy. don't put too much into your food.
It's a mixture of spices.
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